Endometriosis is a complicated condition in which an abnormal tissue growth develops outside the uterus. The tissue or the lining that is present inside the uterus is known as endometrium. But, if the similar tissue grows outside then it could result in a painful disorder and would need immediate attention.
Apart from the uterus, this disorder can occur around the ovaries, bowel, fallopian tubes, lymph nodes and peritoneum as well. At least, 1 in 10 women suffer from Endometriosis. Any woman who is currently in her menstrual period can encounter this. There are a lot of complications associated with this disorder but before we jump on to that, it is supreme to know how to identify it.
- Lower Back pain and pelvic pain (long term)
- Periods lasting more than 7 day
- Excessive bleeding where you have to change the sanitary napkin/tampon in every 1-2 hour
- Bloody urine or stool
- Spotting between the regular menstrual cycle
- Excessive pain during sexual intercourse
- Retrogade Menstruation - In this case, the usual menstrual cycle process is not followed. Instead of the blood leaving your body, it flows back through the fallopian tubes and enters the pelvic cavity, where it continues to shed with every menstrual cycle.
- Genetics – If someone in the family is already suffering from the disorder, it increases its chances of being passed on the next generation.
- Transport of Endometrial Cell - Here, the blood vessels or the lymphatic system transfer the Endometrial cells to various parts of the body.
- Hormones - Endometriosis can be easily braced by the Estrogen Hormone.
- Immune System Disorder - Bad immune system can act as a seed for growth of Endometriosis as it will immediately avert the eradication of the endometrial tissue.
- Age - Age can lead to a lot of hormonal changes in the body and we aren’t aware of such changes, but, it is said that this disorder is common in women ranging from 30 to 40 years of age.
- Daily Habits - Most of the women these days can be seen quite stressed out. The major reason behind the stress is not able to take care of themselves as they are muddled between their work and office life. This has further lead to increase in consumption of caffeine, consumption of alcohol and definitely, exercise takes a back seat. All of these things can lead to the development of Endometriosis.
- Medications - OTC aka over – the – counter (nonsteroidal) drugs – Ibuprofen would help in the treatment.
- Hormonal Therapies -There are ample Hormonal Therapies that are available such as:
- Gonadotropin -releasing hormone (Gn-RH) agonists and antagonists- -
- Medroxyprogesterone (Depo-Provera) or Danazol
- Intrauterine device placement
- Surgery – At times, an initial surgery might be required that can remove the areas where the disorder is present but in case of severe complexity, hysterectomy might be required that would remove both the ovaries.
- Fertility Treatment - Endometriosis can lead to infertility in most women. With the help of IVF i.e. in-vitro fertilization, pregnancy can be recommended.
If you have observed any of the symptoms of Endometriosis during your menstrual cycle, consult your doctor immediately.